Lighting plays very vital role in photography. If there is not proper lighting available during the photo shoot then it can completely ruin photographer's imagination. It doesn't matter how much mega pixels your camera has or how proficient photographer you are, if your studio lighting is not right then you cannot achieve the desired results. Some photographers spend considerable amount of money on costly cameras and lenses but completely ignore the importance of lighting. Suppose, you have purchased an expensive camera but after completing the photo shoot you realize that pictures are contrary to your expectations. Bad studio lighting can be responsible for such things to happen. Hence, it is very important to have proper lighting in your studio to click the picture perfect.
There are mainly three types of lighting kits available in the market namely hot lights, cool lights and flash lights. Hot lights are simple halogen lights which are very helpful in video photography as well as clicking small products. Though these lights are very bright, they do not have enough energy to take photographs of people. The beam produced by hot lights is so bright that it seems very uncomfortable when shine in anyone's eyes. With this type of studio lighting, you need a camera with very slow paced shutter. Furthermore, these lights are also very hot and you need to produce and can easily catch fire.
Cool lights are simple fluorescent lights and do not get hot as comparable to hot lights. Thus, with these lights there is no danger of causing fire and it is safer to use as comparable to its other counterpart. It produces light similar to day light and can be used in the studio at day times too. Moreover, the beam produced by cool lights are eye soothing and do not cause any irritation in eyes. But like hot lights, cool lights also have very little power and get exhausts very easily. These lights have limited range as compared to hot lights.
Lastly, flash lights are the most popular studio lighting used these days. It does not have any limitations like those of hot lights and cool lights. Along with it, these lights are very comfortable to use. Flash lights are further divided into two types- hot shoe flashes and studio flash. Horse shoe lights are those lights which are fitted in the horse shoe of the camera. These are portable lights which can be easily carried from one place to another. Horse shoe lights are very useful to click photos at night or in dark places such as caves. Studio flash lights are used to take photos in studio. These are used along with umbrellas to balance studio lighting and to get perfect one.
You can easily purchase studio lights from a store near you. But sometimes retailers do not provide genuine products and charge much higher rates. You can buy good quality lights from several websites available on the internet and comparatively much lower rates.
What are the pros and cons of each method? Learning the professional video production skills and become a master !
Television Studios come equipped with multiple cameras and microphones. Lights are attached to the ceiling on a grid. There is a control room with switchers and controllers. You set it up once and leave everything in place ready to go.
Everything in a studio is controllable: the lights, the sound, the action. The action is rehearsed and then done once, using multiple cameras. In the control room, the director switches the cameras and sound sources as the action is happening.
In a well-arranged studio, everything exists for the sole purpose of staging action and getting it on tape.
Every major city has professional television studios available for rent by the day. A PBS station or other small outlet is your best bet to get a relatively low daily rate. Crews are included.
Field production means you're anywhere but a studio. Field production is always dependent upon the characteristics of your location. Your location might be a doctor's office, the bottom of a cave or a chicken coop. Then again, it might be a $10,000-a-plate political banquet or backstage at a rock concert.
Each situation calls for unique methods but you can always find similarities. Field production usually requires a lot of setting up and tearing down the equipment.
These days, the same equipment can be used for both methods. This can save the low-budget producer a lot of money. Luckily for us all, video equipment has become cheap enough to let you set-up a studio in a chicken coop!
Although you can put a studio in the field, for low-budget video production, field production usually means only one camera and one mic. There are exceptions to that of course.
The Super Bowl, the mother of all field productions, uses at least seventy cameras along with two huge trucks full of tape decks, lights, microphones, cables, switchers, signal controllers, graphics generators, you name it that extravaganza uses it. But you don't have to be the Super Bowl to take a TV studio out into the field today. Computers and wireless transmission are two huge leaps in technology that make video production easier.
If you are going to do one-camera technique in the field, here are some facts to help you learn how.
Hollywood movies evolved using one-camera technique. Most field productions, especially low-budget, are done with one-camera technique.
One-camera technique means the action is repeated over and over with the one camera in a new location every time.
For fancy field production, all the lights are moved and re-set up in between every camera location.
Then, all that footage is editing together to simulate the effect you would have gotten had the action been captured simultaneously by multiple cameras, just like what happens in a studio. In other words, field production has always intimidated studio production.
PROBLEMS IN ONE-CAMERA TECHNIQUE
If your videoing some kind of reality situation, like what I did for years in TV news, the action is not repeated for the sake of multiple angles. (Excuse me, Mr. Crook, can you shoot the dude again? I was out of focus.)
SO WHAT TO DO?
In a live situation, the photographer runs her butt off grabbing every conceivable shot as the action happens naturally and then this is edited to simulate multiple cameras.
In a studio, lights are mounted on the ceiling. All the lights are plugged into a board and are controlled individually by sliders and dials on that board. In the field, lighting will either be natural or from portables with collapsible tripods. Portables can be used inside and out.
TIP: You can also get various cloths and reflectors to greatly enhance control over the sun. They're cheap and make a world of difference in the attractiveness of your finished image. The sun is not controllable, but your image is!
In a studio, the show is edited live through a machine known as a video switcher. This saves TONS of time!
Field productions are edited using a computer after they are shot. Good editing can make even a boring subject exciting but quality editing is time consuming. An editor who knows his stuff will plan on taking a minimum of one-hour to finish one-minute of edited story. Quick, down and dirty editing might go faster, but not much. An extremely intricate :30 commercial that gets bickered over a lot might be in editing two weeks. No wonder the budgets for video can quickly soar out of sight! Don't let that happen to you.
The higher the level of the production, the longer editing can take. Quality editing can save an otherwise poor production. Good editing is usually planned, and not just a reaction to fixing stuff that went wrong when shooting. Good editing is one of your most powerful story-telling techniques.
TV Production equipment has come such a long way since the early days it never ceases to amaze me. Now you can set up a studio anywhere out in the field, even a mountain top!
It's not uncommon for crews of two or three to set up multiple cameras and a video switcher for a graduation, wedding or banquet event. Portability is easy. Not having to edit what might be a three-hour event saves days of work and lots of money! The digital capacity of today's machines can put an amazing amount of power on your desktop.
You can master digital photography once you have three things; the best camera, the best source of light and the right color. So if even if you own the best digital camera if you don't know how to make perfect shots then you won't get the quality you are looking for.
Professionals in this camera world know that the best camera is only one of three things that you need. There are other factors to making a good picture and shot, one of those happens to be lighting.
You have probably seen photos that are blurry and you can't make out the picture. There are a lot of pictures that turn out this way and it's because you are not getting the picture right.
If this is your problem then the reason is most likely that you can not get the lighting right in the time that you are taking the picture. You were most likely thinking that oh the camera will fix the problem for me, yes it will but in the conditions that you might be in it might only change the settings slightly and not to your standards.
The key to getting a nice picture is to capture it the first time the right way. By taking the picture the right way it is meaning to set the light in the area of the shot to what it needs.
Below are some tips to making a picture come out nice.
After the sun rises and after it sets are good times to take photos. During these times photos will be at there peak potential and will be to there highest quality. The reason this is the best time is because the orange red color that appears in the sky at these times is what your camera is compatible with and what will make it produce nice perfect pictures and shots. The color of the area you are in can make a difference in brightness as well.
Sunlight is the form of light that will make your pictures nice when you don't have a flash. It is up to you to make the choice of where to make the shot at during the sunlight hours. You can get the best out of your camera during the sun hours and using the sun will make your pictures higher of quality. Shooting the perfect shots is not easy in taking a digital photo. You will need to have the best possible lighting as you can. Remember to take pictures at the peak times like after the sun rises and after it sets are perfect times and also while the sun is our during the day are peak times.